Leonard Lyle, 1st Baron Lyle of Westbourne

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Charles Ernest Leonard Lyle, 1st Baron Lyle of Westbourne (22 July 1882 – 6 March 1954)[1] was a British industrialist and Conservative Party politician.

Early life

He was born in London, the only son of Charles Lyle and his wife, Mary, née Brown. He was educated at Harrow School and at Trinity Hall, Cambridge.


The family were major ship-owners who had diversified into sugar refining, and Leonard joined the firm in 1903, and became a director when his father retired in 1909. When Abram Lyle & Sons merged with Henry Tate & Sons in 1921 to form Tate & Lyle. He became a director of the new company, then chairman in 1928, and president in 1937.[2]

Lyle is best known for leading the opposition to the post-war Labour Government's plans to nationalise the sugar industry. The campaign was fronted by a cartoon character, "Mr Cube", drawn by artist Bobby St John Cooper.[3]


Lyle was a notable athlete who represented Great Britain at lawn tennis, competing the Men's Singles at the Wimbledon Championships in 1922, 1923, and 1924. He became chairman of the Lawn Tennis Association in 1932, having been the first chairman of the International Lawn Tennis Club from 1924 to 1927. He was also president of the Professional Golfers' Association from 1952 to 1954, and was elected a member of the Royal Yacht Squadron in 1952.[2]


He was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for the Stratford division of West Ham at the 1918 general election, but was defeated at the 1922 general election. He was returned to the House of Commons in 1923 general election for Epping, but stood down at the 1924 general election to make way for Winston Churchill. He did not stand again until 1940, when he was elected as MP for Bournemouth at an unopposed by-election, and held the seat until he was ennobled in October 1945 in Churchill's resignation honours list, having stood aside to make way for Brendan Bracken.[2]

He was knighted in the King's Birthday Honours 1923,[4] made a baronet on 22 June 1932,[5][6] and was ennobled on 13 September 1945 as Baron Lyle of Westbourne, of Canford Cliffs in the County of Dorset.[1][7]


Coat of arms of Leonard Lyle, 1st Baron Lyle of Westbourne
Upon a mascle fesswise Or interlaced with two sugar canes in saltire a cock Proper.
Or a fess Gules fretty of the field between in chief two lions rampant Azure and in base a lymphad Sable flags flying Gules the sail charged with a thistle slipped and leaved also of the field.
On the dexter side a lion Azure charged on the shoulder with a rose Or and on the sinister side a snowgoose wings endorsed Proper.
An I May [8]


  1. ^ a b "Peerages beginning with "L" (part 4)". Leigh Rayment's Peerage pages. Archived from the original on 8 June 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  2. ^ a b c Roger Munting (2004). "Lyle, (Charles Ernest) Leonard, first Baron Lyle of Westbourne (1882–1954)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/34644. Retrieved 21 April 2009. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  3. ^ "History Timeline: 1949 – Mr Cube takes up arms". Tate & Lyle website. Retrieved 21 April 2009.
  4. ^ "No. 32849". The London Gazette. 31 July 1923. p. 5238.
  5. ^ "No. 33840". The London Gazette. 28 June 1932. p. 4210.
  6. ^ "Baronetcies beginning with "L" (part 3)". Leigh Rayment's Baronetage pages. Archived from the original on 1 May 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  7. ^ "No. 37287". The London Gazette. 28 September 1945. p. 4814.
  8. ^ Burke's Peerage. 1949.

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
New constituency Member of Parliament for West Ham, Stratford
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Epping
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Bournemouth
Succeeded by
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Westbourne)
Succeeded by
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Lyle of Westbourne
Succeeded by