Mesa de cartuchos de revólver e rifle

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Rifle Cartridge Comparison
Cartuchos de rifle comuns, do maior .50 BMG ao menor .22 Long Rifle .

Esta é uma tabela de selecionados pistola / metralhadora e rifle / metralhadora cartuchos de nome comum. Os valores de dados são os mais altos encontrados para o cartucho e podem não ocorrer na mesma carga (por exemplo, a energia da boca mais alta pode não estar na mesma carga que a velocidade da boca mais alta, uma vez que os pesos dos projéteis podem diferir entre as cargas).

Legenda

  • Carregamentos de fábrica. Número de fabricantes que atualmente produzem cartuchos completos - por exemplo, Norma, RWS, Hornady, Winchester, Federal, Remington, Sellier & Bellot, Prvi Partizan . Pode ser nenhum para cartuchos obsoletos e pioneiros.
  • H / R: pistola (H) ou rifle (R) - uso dominante do cartucho (embora existam vários cartuchos de dupla finalidade)
  • Tamanho: tamanho métrico - pode não ser oficial
  • MV: Velocidade do focinho, em pés por segundo
  • EU: Energia do focinho, em libras-pé
  • P: Momentum, em libras (força) (lbf) vezes segundos. [1] Um guia para o recuo do cartucho e um indicador do potencial de penetração da bala. O Springfield .30-06 (a 2.064 lbf-s) é considerado o limite superior de recuo tolerável para atiradores de rifle inexperientes. [2]
  • Chg: Carga do propulsor, em grãos
  • Dia: Diâmetro da bala, em polegadas
  • BC: coeficiente balístico , modelo G1
  • L: Comprimento da caixa (mm)
Cartuchos de pistola e rifle
Nome Encontro Nação Carregamentos de fábrica H / R Tamanho MV
(fps)
ME
(ft-lb)
P
( lbf -s)
Chg
(gr)
Dia
(dentro)
AC eu Comentários
2 mm Kolibri 1914 [3] Áustria-Hungria 0 [3] H 2,7 × 9 mm 650 [3] 3 [3] 0,009 0,108 [3] 9mm Obsoleto. Menor cartucho já fabricado. [3]
4,6 × 30 mm 2000 Alemanha H 4,6 × 30 mm 2410 400 0,332 0,183 30mm Cartucho PDW de alta velocidade com gargalo projetado por Heckler & Koch em conjunto com a arma de defesa pessoal Heckler & Koch MP7 .
5 mm Remington Rimfire Magnum 1970 [3] nós 0 [3] R 5 × 26 mm 2100 [3] 327 0,311 0,205 [3] 26mm Obsoleto. [3] Rimfire.
5,45 × 18 mm 1973 URSS 1 H 5,45 × 18 mm 1000 94 0,222 18mm Desenvolvido para pistola PSM .
5,45 × 39 mm 1974 URSS 1 [4] R 5,45 × 39 mm 2810 [4] 1052 [4] 0,749 0,215 39mm Desenvolvido para AK-74 .
5,56 × 45 mm NATO 1960 nós R 5,56 × 45 mm 3130 [4] 1196 [4] 0,764 29,5 0,224 0,395 [5] 45mm Militarized .223 Rem.
5,56 × 45 mm NATO SS109 1979 Bélgica 3 [4] [6] [7] R 5,56 × 45 mm 2864 [4] 1196 [4] 0,764 29,5 0,224 45mm OTAN (1980), 2ª geração. Serviço atual da OTAN incluindo rifle M16 , Steyr AUG , SA80 , FAMAS , Heckler & Koch G36 . Semelhante, mas não intercambiável com .223 Rem.
5,6 mm Gw Pat 90 1987 Suíça R 5,56 × 45 mm 3168 1243 0,622 29,5 0,224 45mm Versão militar suíça do 5,56 × 45mm NATO / 223 Remington. Para SIG SG 550 e variantes.
5,7 × 28 mm 1990 Bélgica 1 [7] R 5,7 × 28 mm 2800 400 [8] 0,286 13 0,224 28mm Cartucho PDW de alta velocidade com gargalo projetado por FN Herstal . Projetado em resposta aos pedidos da OTAN de substituição do cartucho de 9 × 19 mm. Freqüentemente usado na pistola FN Five-seven .
5,8 × 42 mm DBP87 1987 China R 5,8 × 42 mm 3100 1395 0.9 0,236 42mm Rifle de serviço chinês QBZ-95
6 × 57 mm Mauser 1895 Alemanha R 6 × 57 mm 2600 0,236 57mm também conhecido como RWS de 6,2 × 57 mm. Pescoço para baixo 6,5 × 57 mm. O Remington de 6 mm é uma cópia carbono.
6 × 62 mm Freres 1983 Alemanha 1 R 6 × 62 mm 3460 2260 0,243 62mm também 6 × 62 mmR, com base em caixa de 9,3 × 62 mm.
6mm Lee Navy 1895 nós 0 R 6 × 60 mm SR 2560 1629 0,236 60mm Cartucho de serviço da Marinha dos Estados Unidos e do Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais de 1895
6 mm PPC 1975 nós R 6,17 × 38,5 mm 3212 [9] 1660 [8] 1.034 31,7 [9] 0,243 [10] 0,376 [11] 38,5 mm Cartucho de descanso de banco - "o cartucho mais preciso já desenvolvido." [9] .22 Caixa PPC com gargalo de até 6 mm.
6mm Remington 1963 [3] EUA [8] 5 [4] [6] [7] [12] [13] R [4] 6,18 × 56,72 mm [8] 3235 [4] 2207 [4] 1,364 54,5 [10] 0,243 [10] 0,405 [5] 56,72 mm Mesmo cartucho que .244 Remington e intercambiável. Os rifles marcados com 0,244 Remington podem não estabilizar as balas Remington mais pesadas de 6 mm. [3]
6mm BR Norma 1996 [14] Suécia 3 [15] [16] R 6x39,6 mm 2789 [15] 0,243 0,517 [15] 39,6 mm Norma redesenhado do Remington 6mm BR para utilizar balas VLD .
6mm XC 2000 nós 4 [17] [18] R 6 × 48 mm 3018 [18] 1937 0,243 0,517 [18] 48mm Desenvolvido por David Tubb para seu rifle Tubb 2000 .
6,5mm Creedmoor 2012 [8] EUA [8] 2 [4] [6] R [4] 6,72 × 48,77 mm [8] 3050 [4] 2493 [4] 1.635 47,0 [10] 0,264 [10] 0,585 [5] 48,77 mm
6,5 × 47mm Lapua 2005 Finlândia e Suíça 3 [19] R 6,5 × 47 mm 2900 [19] 0,264 0,545 [20] 50mm Projetado especificamente e otimizado para competições de 300-1000m. [19]
6,5 Grendel 2003 nós 2 [4] [13] R 6,5 × 39 mm 2620 [4] 1875 [4] 1.431 32,0 [10] 0,264 [10] 0,509 [11] 39mm Desenvolvido por Alexander Arms como um "cartucho de baixo recuo, alta precisão e longo alcance para a plataforma AR-15."
6,5 mm JDJ 1978 nós H [3] 6,5 mm 2714 [3] 1635 [3] 1.205 38,5 [3] 0,264 [3] 0,509 [11] Caixa de 0,225 Winchester com gargalo até 6,5 mm e, em seguida, estourada.
6,5 × 50 mm SR Arisaka 1897 Japão 1 [2] R 6,5 × 50SR 2717 [10] 1966 42 [10] 0,264 [10] 50mm aka 6,5 ​​× 50mm japonês. Usado em rifles de serviço japoneses Arisaka .
6,5 × 52 mm Mannlicher – Carcano 1891 Itália 3 [2] [13] [21] R 6,80 × 52 mm 2414 [10] 1818 [8] 1.506 43 [10] 0,264 [10] 52mm
6,5 × 53mmR 1892 Áustria-Hungria R 6,5 × 53mmR 2650 [3] 2360 [3] 1.781 38 [3] 0,263 [3] 53mm Rifles de serviço romenos e holandeses
6,5 × 54 mm MS 1908 Áustria-Hungria 1 [13] R 6,5 × 54 mm 2395 [13] 1987 [13] 1.659 0,264 54mm aka 6,5 ​​× 54mm Mannlicher – Schönauer "Grego", com base em 6,5 × 53mmR
6,5 × 54 mm Mauser 1900 Alemanha R 6,5 × 54 mm 2362 1468 0,264 54mm Uma vez compartimentado para carabinas de ação curta Kurz.
6,5-300 Weatherby Magnum 2016 nós R 6,7 × 72 mm 3476 3487 0,264 72mm
6,5 × 55 mm 1895 União da Suécia
e Noruega
7 [2] [4] [6] [7] [13] [21] [22] R 6,5 × 55 mm 2735 [4] 2325 [4] 1,7 52 [10] 0,264 [10] 0,509 [11] 55mm também conhecido como 6,5 × 55 Mauser sueco. [2] BC = 0,510. [11]
6,5 × 57 mm Mauser 1890 Alemanha 1 [13] R [13] 6,5 × 57 mm 2772 [13] 2099 [13] 1.514 0,264 57mm também 6,5 × 57 mmR. também conhecido como RWS de 6,5 × 57 mm. Atualmente carregado por Prvi Partizan , RWS e Sellier & Bellot
6,5 × 58mm Vergueiro 1904 Portugal R 6,5 × 58 mm 2775 [3] 2372 [3] 1,71 46 [3] 0,264 [3] 58mm Rifle de serviço português 1904-1939
6,5 × 68 mm 1939 Alemanha 1 [22] R 6,5 × 68 mm 3700 [3] 2983 [8] 1.612 73 [3] 0,265 [3] 68 mm aka 6,5 ​​× 68 mm RWS ou Schuler (erroneamente)
6,5 mm STW [14] 1999 nós 0 R 6,5 × 72,39 mm 3300 [14] 0,265 72,39mm Wildcat de Layne Simpson. [14]
6,8 mm Remington SPC 2003 nós 5 [4] [7] [12] [13] [21] R 6,8 × 43 mm 2570 [4] 1613 [4] 1.255 31,0 [10] 0,277 [10] 0,370 [11] 43mm Desenvolvido por Remington com membros do 5º Grupo de Forças Especiais .
7mm-08 Remington 1980 nós 6 [2] [4] [6] [7] [12] [13] R 7,2 × 51,7 mm 2950 [4] 2686 [4] 1.821 50,4 [10] 0,284 [10] 0,531 [11] 51,7 mm .308 Estojo Winchester com gargalo para 7 mm.
7mm BR Remington 1978 [3] nós R 7,21 × 55,6 mm [3] 2425 [23] 1525 [3] 1.258 34 [3] 0,284 [3] 0,531 [11] 55,6 mm 6mm BR com gargalo até 7mm. [3]
7mm Remington Magnum 1962 nós 8 [2] [4] [6] [7] [12] [13] [21] [22] R [13] 7,2 × 64 mm 3240 [4] 3302 [4] 2.038 80,0 [10] 0,284 [10] 0,652 [11] 64mm
7mm Remington Short Action Ultra Magnum 2004 [8] EUA [8] 1 [12] R [10] 7,23 × 51,69 mm [8] 3175 [12] 3221 [12] 2.029 68,0 [10] 0,284 [10] 0,414 [12] 51,69 mm
7mm Remington Ultra Magnum 2002 [8] EUA [8] 1 [12] R [10] 7,23 × 72,39 mm [8] 3425 [12] 3682 [12] 2,15 107,0 [10] 0,284 [10] 0,533 [12] 72,39mm
7mm STW 1981 [3] EUA [8] 2 [7] [12] R [10] 7,23 × 72,39 mm [8] 3325 [12] 3436 [12] 2.067 91,0 [10] 0,284 [10] 0,390 [12] 72,39mm Com cinto. [8]
7mm Weatherby Magnum 1944 [3] EUA [8] 2 [4] [7] R [4] 7,22 × 64,74 mm [8] 3300 [4] 3501 [4] 2,122 81,8 [10] 0,284 [10] 0,525 [5] 64,74 mm Com cinto.
7mm WSM 2002 nós 2 [6] [7] R 7,2 × 53,3 mm 3647 [10] 3562 [8] 1.953 73,0 [10] 0,284 [10] 0,531 [11] 53,3 mm Winchester Short Magnum
7 × 57mm Mauser 1892 Alemanha 8 [2] [4] [6] [7] [12] [13] [21] [22] R [13] 7 × 57 mm 2740 [4] 2351 [4] 1.716 52,6 [3] 0,284 [3] 0,531 [11] 57mm também conhecido como Mauser 7mm, também conhecido como .275 RIgby
7 × 64 mm 1917 [3] Alemanha [8] 5 [2] [12] [13] [21] [22] R [3] 7,25 × 64,00 mm [8] 2950 [12] 2705 [12] 1.834 57,6 [2] 0,284 [3] 0,450 [2] 64,00mm também conhecido como 7 × 64mm Brenneke. [3]
7 × 65 R 1917 [3] Alemanha [8] 2 [13] [21] R [21] 7,25 × 65,00mmR [8] 2897 [21] 3075 [8] 2,123 83,6 [21] 0,285 [8] 65,00mm também conhecido como 7 × 65mmR Brenneke
Carcano 7,35 × 51 mm 1938 Itália R 7,35 × 51 mm 2550 [3] 2175 1,706 41 [3] 0,298 [3] 51mm também conhecido como Carcano italiano de 7,35 mm
7,5 × 55 mm suíço 1889 [3] Suíça 2 [2] [13] R 7,5 × 55 mm 2839 [10] 2924 [8] 2.06 52,0 [10] 0,308 [10] 55mm também conhecido como GP-11, Schmidt – Rubin de 7,5 × 55 mm.
7,5 × 57 mm MAS 1924 França R 7,8 × 57 mm 2800 [3] 2397 [8] 1.712 54 [3] 0,308 [3] 57mm aka 7,5 × 54mm francês. [3] Usado em fusil-mitrailleur mle 1924 .
7,62 × 25 mm Tokarev 1930 [3] URSS [8] 2 [13] [21] H [8] 7,90 × 25,00 mm [8] 1857 [21] 650 [21] 0,7 10,6 [21] 0,311 [8] 25,00mm Baseado em 7,63 × 25mm Mauser . Mais famoso para uso na pistola Tokarev TT . Também usado em várias submetralhadoras soviéticas, incluindo a PPSh-41 .
7,62 × 38mmR 1895 Rússia 1 [13] H [13] 7,62 × 38mmR 1100 [3] 290 [3] 0,527 3 [3] 0,295 [3] 38mm também conhecido como Nagant de 7,62 mm.
7,62 × 39 mm 1943 URSS 6 [4] [6] [7] [12] [13] [21] R [13] 7,62 × 39 mm 2360 [4] 1521 [4] 1.289 31,5 [10] 0,312 [10] 39mm Conceito de cartucho intermediário, seguindo o Kurz de 7,92 × 33 mm e precedendo a OTAN de 5,56 × 45 mm. Fuzis de serviço SKS e AK-47 da URSS.
7,62 × 51 mm NATO 1950 nós 2 [6] [7] R 7,62 × 51 mm 3165 [4] 2997 [4] 1,894 54,0 [10] 0,308 [10] 0,588 [11] 51mm NATO (1953), T65. Serviço atual da OTAN incluindo rifle M14 , Heckler & Koch G3 , FN FAL . Muito semelhante ao .308 Win.
7,62 × 54mmR 1891 Rússia 5 [2] [4] [6] [13] [21] R [13] 7,62 × 54 mm 2894 [2] 2713 [4] 1.875 52,6 [2] 0,308 [2] 0,462. [2] 54mm Projetado para o rifle de serviço russo Mosin-Nagant . Cartucho mais antigo ainda em uso militar oficial, usado em SVD Dragunov com a Rússia e os rifles PSL com muitos outros países.
7,63 × 25 mm Mauser 1893 Alemanha 1 [13] H [13] 7,62 × 25 mm 1410 [3] 375 [3] 0,532 6 [3] 0,308 [3] 25mm também conhecido como 30 Mauser. [3] Com base em Borchardt de 7,65 × 25 mm . Mais famoso para uso na pistola Mauser C96 . Base para rodada Tokarev de 7,62 × 25 mm .
7,65 × 21 mm Parabellum 1900 Alemanha 2 [6] [13] H [13] 7,65 × 21 mm 1085 [10] 325 [3] 0,599 4,2 [10] 0,309 [10] 21mm também conhecido como 7,65 Parabellum, 7,65mm Luger, 0,30 Parabellum e (incorretamente) 0,30 Luger.
7,7 × 58 mm Arisaka 1939 Japão 1 [2] R 7,7 × 58 mm 2529 [10] 2510 [3] 1,985 55,0 [10] 0,311 [10] 58mm também conhecido como 7,7 × 58 mm japonês Arisaka ou 31 Jap [3]
7,92 mm DS 1934 Polônia R 7,92 × 107 mm 4180 8740 107mm Usado para rifle anti-tanque kbk ppanc wz.35 .
7,92 × 33 mm Kurz 1938 Alemanha 1 [13] R [13] 7,92 × 33 mm 2247 [3] 1305 [8] 1,162 23 [3] 0,323 [3] 33mm Primeiro tiro de rifle de assalto , usado no MKb 42 .
8mm Lebel 1886 França R 8 × 50mmR 2640 [3] 2212 [8] 1.676 49 [3] 0,323 [3] 50mm aka 8 × 50mmR francês. Adaptado do Gras 11mm. O primeiro cartucho de pó sem fumaça para uso militar deu início à revolução sem fumaça de pequeno calibre.
8mm Remington Magnum 1978 [3] EUA [8] 1 [12] R [10] 8,22 × 72,39 mm [8] 2900 [12] 3734 [12] 2.575 92,0 [10] 0,323 [10] 0,332 [12] 72,39mm Com cinto. [8]
8 × 53mmR Murata 1880 Japão R 8 × 53mmR 1850 [3] 1810 [3] 1.957 47,4 [24] 0,329 [3] 53mm Caixa Murata de 11 × 60 mm com gargalo para 8 mm.
8 × 56 mm MS 1908 1 [13] R [13] 8 × 56 mm 2297 [13] 2440 [13] 2,124 0,323 56mm Mannlicher – Schönauer
8 × 57 I 1888 [3] Alemanha [8] 0 R [8] 8,09 × 57,00 mm [8] 2700 2913 [8] 0,318 [3] 57,00mm também conhecido como 8 × 57 J, 7,92 × 57 mm Mauser, 8 × 57 mm Mauser, 8 mm Mauser. Especificação original de menor diâmetro. O diâmetro da bala e a pressão da câmara aumentaram em 1905, tornando-se 8 × 57 IS. Rifles antigos neste compartimento mais antigo aceitarão perigosamente o 8 × 57 IS moderno.
8 × 57 IS 1905 [3] Alemanha [3] 8 [2] [4] [6] [7] [12] [13] [21] [22] R 8,22 × 57,00 mm [8] 3208 [10] 3171 [8] 1.977 57 [10] 0,323 [10] 0,450 [11] 57,00mm também conhecido como 8 × 57 JS, 7,92 × 57 mm Mauser, 8 × 57 mm Mauser, 8 mm Mauser. [2] Perigosamente semelhante ao original, menor diâmetro 1888 sem aro 8 × 57 I, também conhecido como 8 × 57 J. Também semelhante ao IRS 8 × 57 com aro, também conhecido como 8 × 57 JRS.
8 × 58mmR Krag Dinamarquês 1889 Dinamarca R 8x58mm 2500 [4] 2720 [4] 2,176 54,5 [3] 0,322 [3] 58mm também conhecido como 8 × 58mmR Krag dinamarquês. [3] Fuzil de serviço dinamarquês 1889-1945
8x60mm Mauser 1919 Alemanha 1 [13] R [13] 8 × 60 mm 2625 [13] 2850 [13] 2,171 0,323 60mm aka 8 × 60mm RWS. Civil 8mm Mauser. Vem em balas J e S, caixa com ou sem aro. Ainda carregado pelo RWS, Prvi Partizan .
8 × 63mm patrono m / 32 1932 Suécia 1 R 8 × 63 mm 2500 3025 0,323 63mm também conhecido como 8x63mm sueco mg. Usado em metralhadoras suecas da década de 1930 em diante.
8 × 64mm Brenneke 1912 Alemanha 0 R 8 × 64 mm 2890 3420 0,323 64mm Também 8x65mmR. Vem em marcadores J e S. Baseado em 9,3x62mm e 9,3x74mmR.
8 × 68 mm S 1939 Alemanha 2 [2] [22] R 8 × 68 mm 3500 [3] 3958 [3] 2.262 81 [3] 0,323 [3] 0,450 [11] 68 mm também conhecido como Magnum 8 × 68Smm. [3]
Browning Long 9mm 1903 [3] Bélgica [8] 1 [13] H [13] 9,09 × 20,20 mm [8] 1100 [3] 300 [3] 0,545 5,0 [3] 0,355 [3] 20,20mm Desenvolvido para a pistola FN Browning 1903 Model [3]
9mm Marte 1900 Reino Unido H 9,14 × 26,32 mm 1400 675 0,964 0,360 26,32 mm Cartucho com gargalo para a pistola automática Webley- Mars .
9 × 18 mm Makarov 1951 URSS 10 [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] H 9 × 18 mm 1017 [34] 212 [34] 0,365 [35] 18mm também conhecido como 9mm Makarov.
9 × 19mm Parabellum 1901 Alemanha 6 [4] [6] [7] [12] [13] [21] H [13] 9 × 19 mm 1155 [4] 342 [4] 0,592 8,2 [10] 0,355 [10] 0,212 [5] 19mm também conhecido como Parabellum de 9 mm, Para 9 mm ou Luger de 9 mm.
9 × 53mmR 1955 URSS R 9 × 53 mm 2100 2266 53mm
9 × 56 mm MS 1900 Áustria-Hungria 0 R 9 × 56 mm 2100 2.400 0,356 56mm Mannlicher – Schönauer
9 × 57 mm Mauser 1890 Alemanha R 9,06 × 56,8 mm 2423 [3] 2692 [8] 2.222 46 [3] 0,356 [3] 56,8 mm Também disponível em versão com aros. [3]
9,3 × 57 mm 1900 Suécia 1 R 9,3 × 57 mm 2362 2875 0,365 57mm Variante escandinava 8 × 57mm atualmente oferecida pela Norma
9,3 × 62 mm 1905 Alemanha 6 [2] [4] [12] [13] [21] [22] R [13] 9,3 × 62 mm 2360 [4] 3537 [4] 2,997 67 [10] 0,366 [10] 0,494 [11] 62mm Desenhado por Otto Bock para uso em rifles de revistas, por exemplo, Mauser 98 , para jogos africanos.
9,3 × 64 mm Brenneke 1910 Alemanha 1 [22] R [22] 9,3 × 64 mm 2576 [22] 4317 [22] 3.352 0,366 0,465 [22] 64mm
9,3 × 74mmR 1900 [3] Alemanha [8] 2 [13] [21] R [21] 9,30 × 74,70mmR [8] 2448 [21] 3721 [8] 3,04 96,5 [21] 0,366 [8] 74,70mm Cartucho alemão de grande jogo. [3]
9,5 × 57 mm MS 1900 Reino Unido ou Áustria-Hungria 0 R 9,5 × 57 mm 2150 2768 0,375 57mm também conhecido como Mannlicher – Schönauer de 9,5 × 56 mm, 9,5 × 56,7 mm e 0,375 Nitro Express Rimless.
10mm Auto 1983 [3] Suécia [8] 5 [4] [6] [7] [12] [13] H [8] 10,17 × 25,20 mm [8] 1551 [10] 680 [3] 0,877 11,2 [10] 0,400 [10] 0,164 [5] 25,20mm
10,75 × 68 mm Mauser 1920 Alemanha 0 R 10,75 × 68 mm 2200 3740 0,424 68 mm Uma vez popular entre os caçadores europeus na África e na Índia. Aproxima-se da potência de 0,375 H&H com cargas máximas.
11mm Gras 1874 França R 11 × 59mmR 1493[3] 1903[3] 2.549 78[3] 0.445[3] 59mm The first French brass cartridge for military use. Blackpowder.[3] Replaced by 8mm Lebel.[3]
11×60mm Mauser 1871 Germany R 11×60mmR 1430[3] 2013[8] 2.815 77[3] 0.446[3] 60mm The first black powder cartridge adopted in large numbers by the unified German Army, it was used in the 1871 and 1871/84 rifles.
11×60mm Murata 1880 Japan R 11×60mmR 1487[3] 2063[3] 2.775 77 0.432[3] 60mm The first black powder cartridge adopted in large numbers by the Japanese Army, it was used in the Murata rifle, a hybrid of French Gras and German Mausers 1871 and 1871/84 rifles.
.17 Hornet 1950s [3] US 2[4][21] R[10] 4.37×35.31mmR [3] 3629[10] 705[3] 0.389 13.2[10] 0.172[10] 35.31mm Necked-down .22 Hornet.[3] Watch out for differences between older .17 Ackley Hornet and current .17 Hornady Hornet. No CIP or SAAMI specs found.
.17 HM2 2004 US 1[4] R[5] 4.4×18.1mm 2100[4] 166[4] 0.158 0.172 0.125[5] 18.1mm Rimfire
.17 HMR 2002 US 4[4][6][7][36] R[5] 4.5×26.9mm 2525[4] 246[4] 0.195 0.172[37] 0.125[5] 26.9mm Rimfire.
.17 Remington 1971 US 2[2][12] R 4.4×45.6mm 4123[38] 952[8] 0.462 27[38] 0.172[10] 0.151[12] 45.6mm
.17 Remington Fireball 2007 US 1[12] R 4.4×36.1mm 4037[10] 723[8] 0.358 20.5[10] 0.172[10] 36.1mm High-performance approx 4,000 ft/s (1,200 m/s) in a small case.
.17 WSM 2012 US 3[6][7][39] R 4.4×31mm 3000[6] 400[6] 0.267 0.172[6] 0.230[6] 31mm Rimfire.
.204 Ruger 2004 US 6[2][4][6][7][12][21] R[5] 5.2×47mm 4456[10] 1351[4] 0.614 31.5[10] 0.204[10] 0.275[5] 47mm Varmint round.
.218 Bee 1938 US 1[6] R 5.7×34.2mmR 3545[10] 822[8] 0.464 14.9[10] 0.224[10] 34.2mm Rimmed.
.22 BR Remington 1963[3] US R[3] 5.69×38.15mm[3] 3617[40] 1590[3] 0.879 32.8[3] 0.224[3] 0.415[11] 38.15mm Wildcat.[3]
.22 Hornet 1930 US 6[4][6][7][12][13][21][22] R[5] 5.7×35.6mmR 3070[4] 732[4] 0.477 13.0[10] 0.224[10] 0.415[11] 35.6mm First centerfire cartridge widely adapted for varmint hunting.
.22 Long Rifle 1887[3] US[3] 6[2][6][7][21][22][36] R 5.7×15.6mmR 1750 137 0.233 5[3] 0.223 15.6mm Rimfire. Most common cartridge in the world (by units sold). Blackpowder propellant charge listed - smokeless likely lower.
.22 PPC 1974 US R 5.7×38.5mm 3684[10] 1427[8] 0.775 32.0[10] 0.224[10] 38.5mm
.22 Short 1857[3] US[3] 3[6][21][22] H[3] 5.6×11mmR 1164 87 0.149 4[3] 0.222 11mm Rimfire. Oldest commercial cartridge being loaded today. Blackpowder propellant charge listed - smokeless likely lower.
.22 WMR 1959 US 6[4][6][7][21][22][36] R 5.7×26.8mmR 2200[4] 322[4] 0.293 0.224 0.095[5] 26.8mm Rimfire.
.22-250 Remington 1965 US 7[2][4][6][7][12][13][21] R[5] 5.7×48.6mm 4545[11] 1776[4] 0.798 43.0[10] 0.224[10] 0.264[5] 48.6mm Varminter.
.220 Swift 1935 US 5[2][4][6][7][12] R[5] 5.7×56.0mm 4423[11] 1727[4] 0.897 46.0[10] 0.224[10] 0.264[5] 56.0mm
.221 Remington Fireball 1963[3] US 1[12] H[3] 5.7×35.6mm 3791[10] 780[3] 0.412 22.0[10] 0.224[10] 0.415[11] 35.6mm Handgun round adapted from 222 Remington.[3]
.222 Remington 1950 US 8[2][4][6][7][12][13][21][22] R[5] 5.7×43.2mm 3760[4] 1099[4] 0.585 26.2[10] 0.224[10] 0.242[5] 43.2mm
.223 Remington 1955 US 8[2][4][6][7][12][13][21][22] R[5] 5.56×45mm 4000[4] 1243[4] 0.622 29.5[10] 0.224[10] 0.395[5] 45mm Similar but not interchangeable with 5.56NATO.[citation needed]
.223 WSSM 2003 US 1[6] R 5.7×42.4mm 4568[11] 1918[8] 0.849 50.5[10] 0.224[10] 0.415[11] 42.4mm Winchester Super Short Magnum
.224 Boz 1997 UK H 5.56×23mm 2500 694 0.223 23mm 10mm Auto case necked down to 5.56mm.
.224 Weatherby Magnum 1963[3] US[8] R[10] 5.70×48.84mm[8] 3865[10] 1704[8] 0.882 36.5[10] 0.224[10] 0.415[11] 48.84mm Smallest belted magnum case available commercially.[3]
.225 Winchester 1964 US 1[6] R 5.7×49.0mmSR 3650[41] 1621 0.888 37.0[41] 0.224 0.415[11] 49.00mm Semi-rimmed.
.240 Apex 1920 UK 0 R 6.2×63mm 2900 1865 0.245 63mm aka .240 H&H Magnum Rimless, .240 Magnum Flanged or .240 Super Express
.240 Weatherby Magnum 1968[3] US[8] R[10] 6.18×63.50mm[8] 3817[10] 2633[8] 1.38 59.0[10] 0.243[10] 63.50mm Belted.[8]
.242 Rimless Nitro Express 1923 UK 0 R 2800 1740 0.249-0.253 60mm aka .242 Manton.
.243 Winchester 1955 US 8[2][4][6][7][12][13][21][22] R[5] 6.2×51.9mm 3925[4] 2140[4] 1.09 51.0[10] 0.243[10] 0.405[5] 51.9mm .308 Winchester case necked down to 6mm.
.243 WSSM 2003 US 1[6] R 6.2×42.4mm 4068[10] 2323[8] 1.142 54.0[10] 0.243[10] 0.525[11] 42.4mm Winchester Super Short Magnum
.244 H&H Magnum 1955 UK 0 R 6.2x71mm 3500 2720 0.245 71mm
.244 Halger Magnum 1920 Germany 0 R 3270 2142 .243 from Halger Arms Co. of Hamburg
.25 ACP 1906 US 6[4][6][7][12][13][21] H[3] 6.4×15.6mmR 970[10] 73[3] 0.151 1.8[10] 0.251[10] 0.072[5] 15.6mm Handgun round, popular for small size and weight.[3]
.25 WSSM 2004 US 1[6] R 6.5×42.4mm 3762[10] 2581[8] 1.372 52.0[10] 0.257[10] 0.418[11] 42.4mm Winchester Super Short Magnum
.25-06 Remington 1969[3] US[8] 5[4][6][7][12][13] R[4] 6.54×63.35mm[8] 3350[4] 2513[4] 1.5 62.0[10] 0.257[10] 0.391[5] 63.35mm Necked-down 30-06.[3]
.25-20 Winchester 1895 US 2[6][12] R 6.6×32.8mmR 2101[10] 675[3] 0.643 15[10] 0.257[10] 0.418[11] 32.8mm .32-20 Winchester case necked down.
.250-3000 Savage 1915 US 1[12] R 6.6×48.6mm 3341[10] 2138[8] 1.28 40.5[10] 0.257[10] 0.418[11] 48.6mm
.256 Winchester Magnum 1962 US 0[3] H 6.5×32.5mmR 2386[10] 705[3] 0.591 18.0[10] 0.257[10] 32.5mm .357 Magnum case necked down to .257". a.k.a. 256 Winchester.[10] Obsolete handgun and lever action round.[3]
.257 Roberts 1934[3] US[8] 4[4][6][7][12] R[4] 6.55×56.72mm[8] 2946[4] 2255[4] 1.531 54.0[10] 0.257[10] 0.391[5] 56.72mm
.257 Weatherby Magnum 1944[3] US[8] 1[4] R[4] 6.54×64.74mm[8] 3550[4] 2708[4] 1.526 80.0[10] 0.257[10] 0.390[5] 64.74mm Belted.
.260 Remington 1998[8] US[8] 2[7][12] R[10] 6.72×51.69mm[8] 3313[10] 2043[8] 1.233 51.0[10] 0.264[10] 0.719[11] 51.69mm
.26 Nosler 2013 US 5 R 3400 3171 0.264[10] 65.8mm
.264 Winchester Magnum 1958[3] US[8] 3[6][12][13] R[10] 6.73×63.50mm[8] 3863[10] 3020[8] 1.564 78.0[10] 0.264[10] 0.561.[11] 63.50mm Belted.[8]
.270 Weatherby Magnum 1943[3] US[8] 1[7] R[10] 7.04×64.74mm[8] 3647[10] 3639[8] 1.996 81.0[10] 0.277[10] 0.625[11] 64.74mm Belted.[8] First of Weatherby's line of necked-down 300 H&H-based magnums.[3]
.270 Winchester 1925 US 8[2][4][6][7][12][13][21][22] R[5] 7.06×64.52mm[8] 3200[4] 2968[4] 1.855 64.0[10] 0.277[10] 0.495[5] 64.52mm Necked-down .30-06 Springfield.[3]
.270 WSM 2002 US 5[2][6][7][12][22] R 7.06×53.34mm[8] 3789[10] 3485[8] 1.84 73.0[10] 0.277[10] 0.625.[11] 53.34mm Winchester Short Magnum
.275 H&H Magnum 1912 UK 0 R 7.3×64mm 2700 2600 0.287 64mm aka .275 Belted Magnum. Also comes in rimmed version called "Flanged". Necked down .375 H&H Magnum
.280 Jeffery 1913 UK 0 R 7.3×64mm 3000 2800 0.288 64mm Necked down .333 Jeffery
.280 Ackley Improved 2007 US R[10] 7.23×64.14mm [42] 3271[10] 3084[11] 1.886 66.0[10] 0.284[10] 64.14mm Former wildcat now registered by Nosler with SAAMI.
.280 British 1946 [24] UK R 7.2×43mm 2549 2019 28.5[24] 0.283[3] 43mm a.k.a. 7mm FN Short. Intermediate round adopted in 1951.
.280 Remington 1957 US 6[2][4][6][7][12][22] R[5] 7.2×64.5mm 3433[10] 2899[8] 1.689 64.0[10] 0.284[10] 0.486[5] 64.5mm .30-06 Springfield case necked down to 7mm.[3]
.280 Ross 1906 Canada 0 R 7.3×66mm 2900 2620 0.287 66mm .280 Nitro, .280 Rimless Nitro Express Ross (CIP) and .280 Rimless. Once manufactured by Remington and Winchester.
.28 Nosler 2014 US 2 R 3300 3883 0.284[10] 65.78mm
.30 Carbine 1940 US 6[4][6][7][12][13][21] R 7.62×33mm 2000[4] 977[4] 0.977 16.0[10] 0.308[10] 33mm M1 Carbine US service rifle
.30 Nosler 2016 US 2 R 3200 4092 0.308[10] 64.9mm
.30 Remington AR 2008 US 1[36] R[10] 7.849×38.86mm [42] 3076[10] 2208[36] 1.436 40.0[10] 0.308[10] 38.86mm Billed as "The worlds only 30-caliber big-game cartridge for the light weight AR-15 platform."[36]
.30 Herrett 1973 US H[3] 7.8mm 2270[3] 1470[3] 1.295 27.0[3] 0.308[3] Wildcat handgun cartridge, based on a shortened .30-30 Winchester.[3]
.30-06 Springfield 1906 US 8[2][4][6][7][12][13][21][22] R[5] 7.62×63mm 3080[4] 3178[4] 2.064 62.5[10] 0.308[10] 0.480[5] 63mm Developed for the U.S. Army's M1903 Springfield rifles prior to WWI. Continued use in the M1 Garand rifle throughout WWII.
.30-30 Winchester 1895 US 6[4][6][7][12][13][21] R[5] 7.8×51.8mmR 2500[4] 2046[4] 1.637 39[10] 0.308[10] 0.330[5] 51.8mm a.k.a. .30 Winchester Centerfire and .30 WCF. First smokeless cartridge designed for big game hunting.
.30-40 Krag 1892 US 2[6][12] R 7.8×58.8mmR 2898[10] 2766[8] 1.909 51[10] 0.308[10] 0.730[11] 58.8mm Rimmed cartridge.
.30-378 Weatherby Magnum 1959 US[8] R[10] 7.83×73.99mm[8] 3690[10] 4956[8] 2.686 123.5[10] 0.308[10] 0.730[11] 73.99mm Belted. Necked-down 378 Weatherby Magnum, developed for 1000-yard performance. Was military-only from 1959 to 1996.
.300 AAC Blackout 2011 US 2[7][13] R[13] 7.62×35mm 2388[10] 1487[13] 2.05 20.0[10] 0.308[10] 35mm Developed for suppressed CQB as a sub sonic round. Supersonic is also available.
.300 H&H Magnum 1925[3] UK[8] 2[4][7] R[10] 7.82×72.39mm[8] 3394[10] 3485[8] 2.054 81.0[10] 0.308[10] 0.730[11] 72.39mm Belted. a.k.a. 300 H&H Super a.k.a. Holland's Super 30.[3]
.300 Remington Short Action Ultra Magnum 2002[8] US[8] 1[12] R[10] 7.85×51.18mm[8] 3663[10] 3761[8] 2.054 69.0[10] 0.308[10] 0.730[11] 51.18mm Beltless, rebated rim. Remington Short Action Ultra Magnum.
.300 Remington Ultra Magnum 1998[8] US[8] 2[7][12] R[10] 7.85×72.39mm[8] 3638[10] 4414[8] 2.427 107.0[10] 0.308[10] 0.730.[11] 72.39mm Beltless, rebated rim. Fastest cartridge for Nosler's 210-grain AccuBond Long-Range G1=0.730 0.308" bullet.[11]
.300 Ruger Compact Magnum 2007 US 1[4] R[5] 7.62×53mm 3310[4] 3716[4] 2.245 67.5[10] 0.308[10] 0.480[5] 53mm Based on .375 Ruger case.
.300 Savage 1920 US 4[4][6][7][12] R[5] 7.8×47.5mm 2740[4] 2500[4] 1.825 45.2[10] 0.308[10] 0.370[5] 47.5mm
.300 Weatherby Magnum 1944[3] US 3[4][7][12] R[4] 7.8×71.8mm 3375[4] 3890[4] 2.305 90.0[10] 0.308[10] 0.447[5] 71.8mm
.300 Whisper 2009[8] US[8] 1[4] R[4] 7.84×34.90mm[8] 1020[4] 480[4] 0.941 12.0[3] 0.308[10] 0.648[5] 34.90mm Designed for quiet, accurate, subsonic applications. Year is for homologation by CIP - earlier proprietary and wildcat versions existed.
.300 Winchester Magnum 1963 US 8[2][4][6][7][12][13][21][22] R[5] 7.8×67mm 3709[10] 3893[4] 2.29 88.0[10] 0.308[10] 0.730[11] 67mm
.300 WSM 2001 US 5[2][6][7][12][22] R 7.8×53.5mm 3697[10] 3872[8] 2.095 74.5[10] 0.308[10] 0.730[11] 53.5mm Winchester Short Magnum
.300 Norma Magnum 2012 US 1[43] R 7.62×63.3mm 3003 4404 0.308 63.3mm Necked-down .338 Norma Mag. Selected by US Special Forces in 2016.
.303 British[44] 1889 UK 7[4][6][7][12][13][21][44] R[5] 7.7×56mmR 2685[4] 2401[4] 1.788 54[10] 0.311[10] 0.361[5] 56mm Former British Service rifle Lee–Enfield.
.307 Winchester 1982 US 1[6] R 7.8×51mmR 3000[10] 2083[8] 1.389 53.0[10] 0.308[10] 51mm Rimmed version of the .308 Winchester, for use in lever-action rifles.
.308 Marlin Express 2006 US 1[4] R[5] 7.62×48mm 2800[4] 2514[4] 1.796 47.7[10] 0.308[10] 0.395[5] 48mm Based upon a slightly shortened .308 Winchester cases with FTX bullets and special powder to approach .308 ballistics from a Marlin lever-action rifle.
.308 Norma Magnum 1960[3] Sweden[8] 1[2] R[10] 7.85×65.00mm[8] 3687[10] 3640[8] 1.975 84.0[10] 0.308[10] 65.00mm Belted. European cartridge designed for the US market.[3]
.308 Winchester 1955 US 8[2][4][6][7][12][13][21][22] R[5] 7.62×51mm 3358[10] 3009[4] 1.792 54.50[10] 0.308[10] 0.530[5] 51mm Civilian 7.62mm NATO.
.318 Westley Richards 1910 UK 0 R 8.4×60.1mm 2400 3194 .330 60.1mm Proprietary cartridge
.32 ACP 1899 Belgium 6[4][6][7][12][13][21] H[3] 7.65×17mm 937[10] 129[3] 0.275 3[10] 0.312[10] 0.090[5] 17mm .32 Automatic Colt Pistol. a.k.a. .7.65mm Browning.
.32 H&R Magnum 1984 US 2[4][7] H 7.9×27.3mmR 1150[4] 235[4] 0.409 12.0[10] 0.314[10] 27.3mm Lengthened .32 S&W Long.
.32 NAA 2002 US 1[4] H 7.95×17.3mm 1000[4] 178[4] 0.356 5.4[10] 0.311[10] 17.3mm North American Arms
.32 rimfire 1861 US H 945 126 0.316 a.k.a. .32 Short and .32 Long. Introduced in Smith & Wesson's Model 2 revolver.
.32 S&W 1878 US 2[6][12] H[3] 7.9×15mmR 595[10] 115[3] 0.387 1.4[10] 0.314[10] 15mm
.32 S&W Long 1896 US 5[6][7][12][13][21] H[3] 7.9×23.4mmR 865[10] 132[3] 0.305 3[10] 0.314[10] 23.4mm Lengthened .32 S&W case.
.32 Winchester Self-Loading 1905 US 0[3] R[3] 8.2×31mmR 1440[3] 775[3] 1.076 12.5[3] 0.320[3] 31mm a.k.a. .32 WSL or .32 SL. Obsolete.[3] Only chambered commercially in the Winchester Model 1905 rifle.
.32 Winchester Special 1895[3] US[8] 4[4][6][7][12] R[10] 8.18×51.82mmR [8] 2359[10] 1748[8] 1.482 38.5[10] 0.321[10] 51.82mm Lever action, rimmed. Developed for the Winchester Model 1894.[3]
.32-20 Winchester 1882 US 2[6][12] R 7.94×33.4mmR 1031[10] 1151[8] 2.233 7.5[10] 0.312[10] 33.4mm
.325 WSM 2005 US 1[6] R 8.2×53.3mm 3360[10] 3762[8] 2.239 75.0[10] 0.323[10] 53.3mm Winchester Short Magnum
.327 Federal Magnum 2008 US 1[7] H 7.9×30mmR 1600[10] 370[7] 0.463 14.0[10] 0.312[10] 30mm
.333 Jeffery 1908 UK 0 R 8.5×62.9mm 2500 3230 0.333 62.9mm Necked down .404 Jeffery
.338 Federal 2007[8] US[8] 1[7] R[10] 8.61×51.18mm[8] 2937[10] 3061[8] 2.084 52.0[10] 0.338[10] 0.41[7] 51.18mm Necked up .308 Win.
.338-06 1998 US R 8.6×63mm 2678 3582 62.5 0.338 63mm Necked up .30-06.
.338 Lapua Magnum 1983 Finland 5[4][6][7][13][21] R[5] 8.6×70mm 2900[4] 4768[4] 3.288 106.0[10] 0.338[10] 0.700[5] 70mm Designed for military sniper rifles.
.338 Norma Magnum 2008 US 1[45] R 8.6×63.3mm 0.338 63.3mm Wildcat designed to derive maximum effect from long, aerodynamic bullets.
.33 Nosler 2016 US 3 R 3025 4589 0.338[11] 64.9mm
.338 Marlin Express 2010[8] US[8] 1[4] R[10] 8.60×48.01mmR [8] 2565[4] 2922[4] 2.278 49.3[10] 0.338[10] 0.430[5] 48.01mm Rimmed lever action cartridge designed for the Marlin Model 336.
.338 Remington Ultra Magnum 2000[8] US[8] 2[7][12] R[10] 8.60×70.1mm[8] 3332[10] 4492[8] 2.696 104.0[10] 0.338[10] 70.1mm Beltless, rebated rim cartridge based on the .300 Remington Ultra Magnum.
.338 Ruger Compact Magnum 2007 US 1[4] R[5] 8.6×51.2mm 2980[4] 3865[4] 2.594 63.0[10] 0.338[10] 0.515[5] 51.2mm Based on .375 Ruger case.
.338 Winchester Magnum 1958[3] US[8] 5[2][4][6][7][12] R[10] 8.61×63.50mmR [8] 3080[4] 4077[4] 2.647 78.0[10] 0.338[10] 0.515[5] 63.50mm Belted.[8]
.348 Winchester 1936 US 1[6] R 8.8×57.3mmR 2630[10] 2685[8] 2.042 70.0[10] 0.348[10] 57.3mm One of the most powerful rimmed cartridges ever used in a lever rifle.
.35 Remington 1906 US 4[4][6][7][12] R[5] 9.1×49mm 2302[10] 1958[8] 1.701 45.0[10] 0.358[10] 0.300[5] 49mm Lever action.
.35 Whelen 1922 US 4[2][4][7][12] R[5] 9.1×63mm 2891[10] 3363[8] 2.327 65.0[10] 0.358[10] 0.282[5] 63mm Necked up .30-06.
.35 Winchester Self-Loading 1905 US 0[3] R[3] 8.9×29.3mmR 1452[3] 848[8] 1.168 13.5[3] 0.351[3] 29.3mm a.k.a. .35 WSL or .35 SL. Obsolete.[3] Only chambered commercially in the Winchester Model 1905 rifle.
.350 Remington Magnum 1965[3] US[8] 1[12] R[10] 9.12×55.12mm[8] 2775[12] 3419[12] 2.464 64.5[10] 0.358[10] 0.293[12] 55.12mm Belted.[8]
.351 Winchester Self-Loading 1906 US R[3] 8.9×34.9mmR 1850[3] 981[8] 1.061 19.5[3] 0.351[3] 34.9mm a.k.a. .351 WSL or .351 SL. Only chambered commercially in the Winchester Model 1907 rifle.
.357 Magnum 1935 US 6[4][6][7][12][13][21] H[13] 9.1×33mmR 1500[4] 624[4] 0.832 23.0[10] 0.357[10] 0.206[5] 33mm Lengthened .38 Special.
.357 SIG 1994 Germany/USA 6[4][6][7][12][13][21] H[13] 9.02×21.97mm 1350[4] 502[4] 0.744 10.8[10] 0.355[10] 0.212[5] 21.97mm
.358 Winchester 1955[3] US[8] 2[4][6] R[10] 9.11×51.18mm[8] 2475[4] 2720[4] 2.198 52.0[10] 0.358[10] 0.282[5] 51.18mm
.376 Steyr 1999[3] Austria & US 2[46] R 9.5×60mm 2754 4211 0.375 60mm Hornady and Steyr announced this cartridges at the 2000 Shot Show, based on a concept by Jeff Cooper.[3]
.375 Holland & Holland Magnum 1912 UK 7[2][4][6][7][12][13][22] R[5] 9.5×72.4mm 2800[4] 4700[4] 3.357 87[10] 0.375[10] 0.430[5] 72.4mm The rimmed .375 H&H Flanged Magnum for double-guns and the .375 H&H Belted Rimless Magnum with a headspacing belt for magazine-fed rifles were released simultaneously in 1912.
.375 Ruger 2007 US 1[4] R[5] 9.5×65.5mm 2840[4] 4835[4] 3.405 90.5[10] 0.375[10] 0.430[5] 65.5mm Developed in collaboration between Ruger and Hornady.[citation needed]
.375 Remington Ultra Magnum 2002 US 1[12] R 9.5×72.4mm 3293[10] 5421[8] 3.292 105.0[10] 0.375[10] 72.4mm A beltless, rebated rim cartridge developed by Remington Arms by necking up the .300 Remington Ultra Magnum case.
.375 Weatherby Magnum 1945[3] US R[3] 9.5×72.6mm 3110[10] 5223[3] 3.359 99.0[10] 0.375[10] 72.6mm Belted magnum based on the .375 H&H, blown out and reshouldered.[3]
.38 Long Colt 1877 US 0[3] H[3] 9.2×26.2mmR 777[10] 195[3] 0.502 3.7[10] 0.358[10] 26.2mm a.k.a. .38 LC. Obsolete.[3]
.38 S&W 1877 US 3[6][12][13] H[3] 9.2×19.7mmR 675[10] 176[3] 0.521 2.6[10] 0.358[10] 19.7mm 4th or 5th oldest commercial cartridge being loaded today.
.38 Special 1902 US 6[4][6][7][12][13][21] H[13] 9.1×29.3mmR 1090[4] 290[4] 0.532 6.8[10] 0.357[10] 0.206[5] 29.3mm
.38 Super 1929 US 4[6][7][12][13] H[3] 9.04×22.86mmR 1300[3] 500[3] 0.769 5.4[3] 0.356[3] 22.86mm a.k.a. .38 Super and .38 Colt Auto.
.38-40 Winchester 1874[3] US[8] 1[6] R[6] 10.17×33.15mmR [8] 1160[6] 538[6] 0.928 19.5[3] 0.401[10] 0.172[6] 33.15mm aka 38-40 WCF. Crossover rifle/handgun cartridge.[3]
.38-55 Winchester 1884 US 1[6] R 9.59×53.0mmR 1853[3] 1165[8] 1.257 35.0[3] 0.379[3] 53.00mm
.380 ACP 1912 US 6[4][6][7][12][13][21] H[13] 9×17mm 1000[4] 200[4] 0.4 4.3[10] 0.355[10] 17mm a.k.a. .380 Auto, 9mm Browning Short
.40 S&W 1990 US 6[4][6][7][12][13][21] H 10.2×21.6mm 1180[4] 479[4] 0.812 11.5[10] 0.400[10] 0.164[5] 21.6mm
.400 Corbon 1997 US H 10.2×23mm 1400 588 0.401 23mm .45 ACP case necked down to .40 caliber.
.400 H&H Magnum 2003 UK R 10.4×72.3mm 2375 5015[8] 0.411 72.3mm Belted magnum.[8]
.401 Winchester Self-Loading 1910 US 0[3] R[3] 10.31×38mmR 2135[3] 1958[8] 1.834 29.0[3] 0.406[3] 38mm Rimmed.[8] a.k.a. .401 WSL or .401 SL. Obsolete.[3] Only chambered commercially in the Winchester Model 1910 and the Belgian Clement-Neumann rifle.
.404 Jeffery 1909[3] UK[8] 3[2][4][22] R[3] 10.72×73.02mm [8] 2600[3] 4700[3] 3.615 96.4[2] 0.423[3] 0.358[2] 73.02mm aka 404 Rimless Nitro Express.[8]
.405 Winchester 1904[3] US[8] 0[3] R[3] 10.45×65.61mmR [8] 2404[10] 3311[8] 2.936 61.0[10] 0.411[10] 65.61mm Most powerful rimmed cartridge designed specifically for lever-action rifles. Obsolete.[3]
.408 Cheyenne Tactical 2001 US R 10.4×77mm 3500 7744[8] 0.408 0.874 77mm Used in Cheyenne Tactical's M200 Intervention, and M310 rifles.
.41 Action Express 1986 US H[3] 10.4×22.0mm 1114[10] 457[3] 0.82 8.4[10] 0.410[10] 22.0mm
.41 Long Colt 1877[3] US 0[3] H[3] 10.35×28.9mmR 730[3] 235[3] 0.644 3.4[3] 0.410[3] 28.9mm Obsolete
.41 Remington Magnum 1964 US 3[6][7][12] H[3] 10.4×32.8mmR 1887[10] 788[3] 0.835 26.5[10] 0.410[10] 32.8mm
.416 Barrett 2006 US R 10.6×83mm 3150 8764 5.564 200 0.416 0.72 83mm Designed as an alternative to the .50 BMG for sniper rifles.
.416 Remington Magnum 1988 US 5[2][4][6][7][12] R[5] 10.6×72.4mm 2400[4] 5116[4] 4.263 90.0[10] 0.416[10] 0.367[12] 72.4mm
.416 Rigby 1911 UK 4[2][4][6][7] R[5] 10.6×74mm 2415[4] 5180[4] 4.29 116.0[10] 0.416[10] 0.319[5] 74mm Later used parent cartridge of the .338 Lapua Magnum.
.42 Berdan 1868 Russia R 10.75×58mmR[3] 1450[3] 1724[3] 2.378 77[3] 0.430[3] 58mm Blackpowder Russian service rifle.[3] a.k.a. 4.2 Line Berdan. Designed by American inventor/soldier Hiram Berdan, adopted by Russia in trapdoor 1868 and turnbolt 1870 Berdan Rifles.
.44 AMP 1971 US H 1485[10] 1600[3] 2.155 27.0[10] 0.429[10] a.k.a. .44 Auto Mag Pistol.
.44 Henry 1860[3] US 0[3] R 11×23mmR 1125 568 1.01 28[3] 0.423[24] 23mm a.k.a. .44 Rimfire, .44 Long Rimfire, or 11×23mmR. Obsolete blackpowder cartridge.[3]
.44 Magnum 1955 US 6[4][6][7][12][13][21] H[5] 10.9×32.6mmR 1550[4] 999[4] 1.289 31.5[10] 0.430[10] 0.245[5] 32.6mm a.k.a. .44 Remington Magnum. Lengthened .44 Special. Crossover rifle/handgun cartridge.[7][12]
.44 S&W American 1869[3] US 0[3] H[3] 11.0×29mmR 765[3] 259[3] 0.677 5.5[3] 0.434[3] 29mm Obsolete blackpowder/smokeless handgun cartridge.[3]
.44 Special 1907[3] US 4[4][6][7][12] H[3] 10.9×29mmR 1000[4] 400[4] 0.8 15.0[10] 0.430[10] 0.138[5] 29mm
.44-40 Winchester 1873[3] US 2[6][12] H[3] 10.8×33.3mmR 1117[10] 656[8] 1.175 7.3[10] 0.428[10] 0.123[5] 33.3mm First developed for lever-action, later used in revolver.[3]
.444 Marlin 1964 US 2[4][12] R[5] 10.9×57.2mmR 2400[4] 3389[4] 2.824 56.0[10] 0.429[10] 0.225[5] 57.2mm Lengthened .44 Magnum case, but a lever-action rifle cartridge.
.45 ACP 1905 US 6[4][6][7][12][13][21] H[5] 11.43×23mm 850[4] 369[4] 0.868 10[10] 0.451[10] 0.188[5] 23mm Automatic Colt Pistol, first self-loading U.S. Army pistol round.
.45 Colt 1873 US 4[4][6][7][12] H[5] 11.58×32mm 960[4] 460[4] 0.958 13[10] 0.452[10] 0.140[5] 32mm a.k.a. .45 Long Colt or .45 LC. Used in both handgun and rifle.
.45 GAP 2003 Austria 3[6][7][12] H 11.5×19.2mm 1152[10] 543 9.0[10] 0.451[10] 19.2mm Glock Automatic Pistol.
.45 Winchester Magnum 1979[3] US 1[6] H[3] 11.5×30.4mm 1472[10] 1406[3] 1.91 18.0[10] 0.451[10] 30.4mm a.k.a. .45 Winchester Magnum. Lengthened and strengthened .45 ACP.
.45 Raptor 2014 USA 2 R 11.5×58mm 3000 3197 48.5 0.452 0.151 58mm Hybrid of the .460 S&W Magnum and the .308 Winchester. Designed to provide a .45 caliber capability to the AR-10 platform.
.45-70 1873 US 5[4][6][7][12][13] R[5] 11.6×53.5mmR 2394[10] 2518[8] 2.104 63[10] 0.458[10] 0.230[5] 53.5mm a.k.a. .45-70 Government. One of the oldest centerfire cartridges still in commercial production.
.450 Adams 1868[3] UK 0[3] H[3] 11.6×18mmR 700[3] 245[3] 0.7 13[3] 0.455[3] 18mm a.k.a. .450 Boxer and .450 Revolver. Obsolete blackpowder handgun cartridge.[3]
.450 Bushmaster 2007 US R 11.5×43.2mm 2180 2744 2.517 0.452 43.2mm Developed by hornady as a straight walled rifle round almost identical to .460 S&W Magnum
.450 Marlin 2000 US 1[4] R[5] 11.6×53mmR 2225[4] 3572[4] 3.211 59.0[10] 0.458[10] 0.230[5] 53mm Lever action round. Shortened .458 Winchester Magnum case, designed to match .45-70 performance.
.450 Nitro Express 1895 UK 1[4] R[5] 12.1×83mmR 2150[4] 4927[4] 4.583 157 0.458[3] 0.325[5] 83mm J. Rigby smokeless cartridge based upon .450 Black Powder Express.
.454 Casull 1959 US 4[4][6][7][12] H[5] 11.5×35.1mmR 1900[4] 1924[4] 2.025 38.2[10] 0.452[10] 0.180[5] 35.1mm Lengthened .45 Colt, most powerful handgun round until the 1990s.
.455 Webley 1897[3] UK H[3] 11.5×19.6mmR 700[3] 285[3] 0.814 5.0[3] 0.455[3] 19.6mm Originally a blackpowder handgun cartridge.[3]
.458 Lott 1971[3] US[8] 3[2][4][7] R[11] 11.66×71.12mm [8] 2300[4] 5873[4] 5.107 79.0[11] 0.458[11] 0.389[11] 71.12mm Belted.[8]
.458 Winchester Magnum 1956 US 4[2][4][6][7] R[5] 11.66×64mm 2140[4] 5084[4] 4.751 81.0[10] 0.458[10] 0.295[5] 64mm
.46 rimfire 1870[3] US H 11.6×21.2mmR 20[3] 0.456 21.2mm a.k.a. .46 Short, .46 Remington Carbine. First large-caliber metallic handgun cartridge. Blackpowder.[3]
.460 S&W Magnum 2005 US 3[4][6][7] H[5] 11.5×46mmR 2200[4] 2149[4] 1.954 48.5[10] 0.452[10] 0.151[5] 46mm Revolver cartridge for handgun hunting.
.460 Weatherby 1958 US R 11.6×74mm 2808[10] 7504 5.345 128.0[10] 0.458[10] 74mm aka 460 Weatherby Magnum
.465 H&H Magnum 2003 UK R 11.9×73.5mm 2375 6121[8] 134 0.468 73.5mm Belted magnum.[8]
.470 Nitro Express 1907 UK 3[2][4][7] R[5] 12.1×83mmR 1885[4] 5132[4] 5.445 125[10] 0.475[10] 0.290[5] 83mm Designed by Joseph Lang.
.475 Linebaugh 1988 US H 12.1×36mmR 1400 1741 2.487 0.475 36mm
.476 Enfield 1881[3] UK H[3] 11.6m×22mR 5.5[3] 0.472[3] 22mm a.k.a. .476 Eley. Blackpowder/smokeless handgun cartridge.[3]
.480 Ruger 2001 US 2[4][7] H[5] 12.1×32.6mmR 1539[10] 1315 1.709 26.5[10] 0.475[10] 0.150[5] 32.6mm Shortened .475 Linebaugh case.
.50 Action Express 1988 US 2[4][7] H[5] 12.7×32.6mm 1475[4] 1449[4] 1.965 32.5[10] 0.500[10] 0.120[5] 32.6mm For IMI Desert Eagle handgun.
.50 Alaskan 1950s US R 13×53mmR 1694 3346 3.95 0.510 53mm
.50 Beowulf 2001 US R 12.7×42mm 1800 2878 3.198 0.500 42mm
.50 BMG 1921 US 2[4][13] R[5] 12.7×99mm 2815[4] 13196[4] 9.375 265[10] 0.510[10] 1.050[5] 99mm Used in Heavy Machine Guns and anti-materiel rifles.
.50 Remington Navy 1867[3] US 0[3] H[3] 13×21.8mm 750[3] 330[3] 0.88 7.0[3] 0.508[3] 21.8mm a.k.a. 50 Remington Pistol Navy Model 1867 and 50 Remington (M71 Army). Rimmed case 0.875" in length. Obsolete blackpowder/smokeless handgun cartridge.[3]
.50-90 Sharps 1872[3] US R[3] 13.0×64mmR 1652[3] 2210[3] 2.676 37.0[3] 0.509[3] 64mm The mainstay of the American bison (buffalo) hunter. Blackpowder/smokeless.[3]
.500 Linebaugh 1986 US H 13×35.7mmR 1300 1632 2.511 0.510 35.7mm
.500 S&W Magnum 2003 US 3[4][6][7] H[5] 12.7×57.2mmR 1950[4] 2533[4] 2.598 45.3[10] 0.500[10] 0.185[5] 57.2mm One of the most powerful handgun-specific cartridges.
.505 Gibbs 1910 UK R 12.8×80mm 2300 6180 5.374 0.505[3] 80mm
.577 Snider 1867[3] UK R 14.5×51mmR 1380[3] 1689[8] 2.448 30[3] 0.570[3] 51mm The first black powder cartridge for British military use. Later loaded smokeless.[3]
.577/450 Martini–Henry 1871 UK R 11.43×61mmR 1600[3] 1870[8] 2.338 38[3] 0.455[3] 61mm Rimmed.[8] The second blackpowder (later smokeless) cartridge for British military use. Evolved from the .577 Snider case, lengthened and necked down to .45 (nominal) caliber. Used in the Martini rifles from 1871 to the present.
.600 Nitro Express 1899[3] UK R[3] 15.7×76mmR 2050[3] 7614[8] 7.428 120[3] 0.622[3] 76mm Rimmed.[8] Jeffrey, 900-grain (58 g) bullet.[3]
.700 Nitro Express 1988 UK R[3] 17.8×89mmR 2000[3] 10566[8] 10.566 0.700[3] 89mm Big game cartridge.
12.7×108mm 1930 USSR R 12.7×108mm 2700 11980 (13737) 255 0.511 108mm Used in Heavy Machine Guns, AT-rifles[47] and anti-materiel rifles.
14.5×114mm 1941 [48][49] USSR R 14.5×114mmR 3300 24520 14.861 1026 0.586 114mm Used in Heavy Machine Guns, AT-rifles and anti-materiel rifles.
.950 JDJ 2014 USA 1 R 24.1x70mm 2200 38685 35.168 3600 0.950 70mm Largest centerfire rifle cartridge as of 2018
.50 GI 2004 USA H 12.7x22.8mm 1200 591 0.985 0.500 22.8mm Designed to have significantly less recoil than other 50 caliber handguns
.350 Legend 2019 US R[3] 9×43 mm 2300 1800 36.5 0.355 43mm Straight-walled hunting cartridge

See also

References

  1. ^ NIST Special Publication 1038: The International System of Units (SI) – Conversion Factors for General Use (PDF), US Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Weights and Measures Division, STOP2600, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20899-2600, May 2006, retrieved 2015-02-17
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw "Start - Norma". Norma Precision AB Jägargatan S-670 40 ÅMOTFORS SWEDEN. 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-15.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik il im in io ip iq ir is it iu iv iw ix iy iz ja jb jc jd je jf jg jh ji jj jk jl jm jn jo jp jq jr js jt ju jv jw jx jy jz ka kb kc kd ke kf kg kh ki kj kk kl km kn ko kp kq kr ks kt ku kv kw kx ky kz la lb lc ld le lf lg lh li lj lk ll lm ln lo lp lq lr Barnes, Frank C. (1997) [1965]. McPherson, ML (ed.). Cartridges of the World (8th ed.). Northbrook, Illinois, US: DBI Books. ISBN 0-87349-178-5.
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  17. ^ "6 XC - Norma". www.norma.cc (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-10-30.
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External links